Turkey Outline Map
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currency: Turkish lira (TRY)
Official languages
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National anthem
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Hagia Sophia - Pictures

Photo: Dennis Jarvis License: CC
Mount Ararat - Pictures

Photo: MEDIACRAT License: CC
Selimiye Mosque - Pictures

Photo: Nevit Dilmen License: CC
Sultan Ahmed Mosque - Pictures

Photo: Dersaadet License: CC
Turkey profile
strategic location controlling the Turkish Straits (Bosporus, Sea of Marmara, Dardanelles) that link Black and Aegean Seas;

Mount Ararat, the legendary landing place of Noah's ark, is in the far eastern portion of the country
Turkey history
Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the Anatolian remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk or "Father of the Turks." Under his authoritarian leadership, the country adopted wide-ranging social, legal, and political reforms. After a period of one-party rule, an experiment with multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democratic Party and the peaceful transfer of power. Since then, Turkish political parties have multiplied, but democracy has been fractured by periods of instability and intermittent military coups (1960, 1971, 1980), which in each case eventually resulted in a return of political power to civilians. In 1997, the military again helped engineer the ouster - popularly dubbed a "post-modern coup" - of the then Islamic-oriented government. Turkey intervened militarily on Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island and has since acted as patron state to the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus," which only Turkey recognizes. A separatist insurgency begun in 1984 by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) - now known as the Kurdistan People's Congress or Kongra-Gel (KGK) - has dominated the Turkish military's attention and claimed more than 30,000 lives. After the capture of the group's leader in 1999, the insurgents largely withdrew from Turkey mainly to northern Iraq. In 2004, KGK announced an end to its ceasefire and attacks attributed to the KGK increased. Turkey joined the UN in 1945 and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. In 1964, Turkey became an associate member of the European Community. Over the past decade, it has undertaken many reforms to strengthen its democracy and economy; it began accession membership talks with the European Union in 2005.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Turkey

Conventional short form: Turkey

Local long form: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti

Local short form: Turkiye
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Turkey's capital city is Ankara
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Turkey Constitution:

7 November 1982;
amended several times;
note - amendment passed by referendum 21 October 2007 concerning presidential elections
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Turkey population growth rate: 1.197%
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Turkey highest point: Mount Ararat 5,166 m
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Turkey lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
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About 30% of Turkey's land is arable.
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Kizilirmak River is the Longest River in Turkey
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Turkey birth rate is 18 births/1,000 population
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Turkey infant mortality rate is 23 deaths/1,000 live births
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Turkey fertility rate is 2.1 children born/woman
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Turkey climate:

hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters;
harsher in interior
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Top 10 cities of Turkey with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Istanbul: 13,522,528
2. Ankara: 4,417,522
3. Izmir: 2,803,418
4. Bursa: 1,734,705
5. Adana: 1,628,725
6. Gaziantep: 1,421,359
7. Konya: 1,107,886
8. Antalya: 994,306
9. Diyarbakır: 892,713
10. Mersin: 876,958
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Turkey ethnic groups:

Turkish - 70-75%
Kurdish - 18%
other minorities - 7-12%
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Turkey Exports:

apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment
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Turkey Imports:

machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, transport equipment
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unicameral Grand National Assembly of Turkey or Turkiye Buyuk Millet Meclisi (550 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
81 provinces (iller, singular - ili)
Adana, Adiyaman, Afyonkarahisar, Agri, Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Ardahan, Artvin, Aydin, Balikesir, Bartin, Batman, Bayburt, Bilecik, Bingol, Bitlis, Bolu, Burdur, Bursa, Canakkale, Cankiri, Corum, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Duzce, Edirne, Elazig, Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Giresun, Gumushane, Hakkari, Hatay, Igdir, Isparta, Istanbul, Izmir (Smyrna), Kahramanmaras, Karabuk, Karaman, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kilis, Kirikkale, Kirklareli, Kirsehir, Kocaeli, Konya, Kutahya, Malatya, Manisa, Mardin, Mersin, Mugla, Mus, Nevsehir, Nigde, Ordu, Osmaniye, Rize, Sakarya, Samsun, Sanliurfa, Siirt, Sinop, Sirnak, Sivas, Tekirdag, Tokat, Trabzon (Trebizond), Tunceli, Usak, Van, Yalova, Yozgat, Zonguldak
Political parties and leaders:
Democratic Left Party (DSP) - Masum TURKER

Democratic Party (DP) - Namik Kemal ZEYBEK

Equality and Democracy Party (EDP) - Ziva HALIS

Felicity Party (SP) - Mustafa KAMALAK (sometimes translated as Contentment Party)

Freedom and Solidarity Party (ODP) - Alper TAS

Grand Unity Party (BBP) - Yalcin TOPCU

Justice and Development Party (AKP) - Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN

Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) - Devlet BAHCELI

Peace and Democracy Party (BDP) - Selahattin DEMIRTAS

Republican People's Party (CHP) - Kemal KILICDAROGLU

Turkey Party (TP) - Abdullatif SENER